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3nm and $40 Billion by 2026


TSMC this week held its Arizona fab ‘first tool-in’ ceremony, the place alongside celebrating its first US fab, the corporate additionally introduced main growth plans for the manufacturing facility. The world’s largest foundry is about to take a position tens of billions of {dollars} within the subsequent part of its Fab 21 close to Phoenix, Arizona, to considerably increase its capability and begin manufacturing of chips on its N3 course of applied sciences there by 2026.

Development of TSMC’s Fab 21 part 1 in Arizona was accomplished earlier this 12 months, and this week the corporate started set up of manufacturing instruments into the ability. The fab can be outfitted with instruments from corporations like ASML, Utilized Supplies, KLA, Lam Analysis, and Tokyo Electroni within the subsequent few quarters, and it’s scheduled to return on-line in early 2024. The fab can be producing chips utilizing numerous course of applied sciences that belong to TSMC’s N5 household, which now contains N5, N5P, N4, N4P, and N4X nodes. Manufacturing capability of this part of the fab can be round 30,000 wafer begins per 30 days (WSPM), although the exact quantity will depend upon precise applied sciences and designs.

Firms like AMD, Apple, and NVIDIA are set to run orders by Fab 21 part 1 to supply their superior chips within the U.S. for the primary time in years. 

However that is not all that TSMC has in retailer for Fab 21. The corporate has introduced that they now intend to construct a second fab on the location, additional increasing their US manufacturing capability and organising a fair newer manufacturing line.

The brand new Arizona fab will increase TSMC’s capability on the website to round 50,000 WSPM and can convey TSMC’s whole investments within the website to $40 billion. Notably, that is a $28B bounce over the preliminary $12B funding TSMC made of their first Arizona fab, underscoring how prices proceed to rise for newer fabs, but in addition that TSMC is turning into extra snug with making bigger infrastructure investments inside the US. TSMC expects annual income from Arizona fabs to be in $10 billion per 12 months ballpark, in keeping with a Reuters report. In the meantime, TSMC’s purchasers utilizing the fabs will generate about $40 billion in income promoting merchandise made by the foundry within the U.S.

Set to return on-line in 2026, the second Arizona fab can be beginning life a era forward of its preliminary counterpart, producing chips on TSMC’s N3 family of production nodes, which incorporates N3, N3E, N3P, N3S, and N3X. TSMC is anticipated to ship its first N3 chips to a consumer in early 2023, so whereas the fab nonetheless represents cutting-edge expertise as of the time of its inception, by the point it comes on-line it would technically be a trailing-edge fab. TSMC has beforehand indicated that they’d be protecting modern manufacturing inside Taiwan – largely as a result of that is the place their precise R&D takes place – so the corporate’s up to date Arizona fab plans are in keeping with that stance.

As regards to capability, the brand new Arizona fab, like its present sibling, can be one other “MegaFab” in TSMC parlance. That’s to say a mid-range fab producing round 25,000 wafer begins per 30 days. TSMC hasn’t disclosed a selected output determine for simply the brand new fab, however with Fab 21 slated to supply 20,000 WSPM, it appears like this fab can be a bit greater, at nearer to 30,000 WSPM. Nonetheless, with a mixed capability of fifty,000 wafers per 30 days, TSMC’s Arizona facility continues to be amongst one among TSMC’s smaller operations – 50,000 wafers is barely half the manufacturing capability a single one among TSMC’s class-leading GigaFabs. So even with a second fab line, TSMC’s US operations will solely characterize a comparatively small fraction of the corporate’s general chip fab capability.

Wanting ahead, TSMC has already begun development of the second Arizona fab, and given the same old fab development timelines, we will count on the shell to be full by early 2024. After which it would take TSMC round one other two years to equip it.

In the meantime, TSMC is about to start out producing chips utilizing its N2 node in Taiwan within the second half of 2025. That node will use can be TSMC’s first node to make use of their nanosheet-based gate-all-around field-effect transistors (GAAFETs), and over time will acquire bottom energy supply. Nonetheless, since not all merchandise want a modern node, TSMC will not have any hassle lining up clients for his or her N3 US home capability.

“A powerful, geographically numerous, and resilient provide chain is important to the worldwide semiconductor business,” stated Lisa Su, chief govt and chairman of AMD. “TSMC’s funding and growth in Arizona is extraordinarily vital and mission crucial for each the semiconductor business and our prolonged ecosystem of companions and clients. AMD expects to be a big person of the TSMC Arizona fabs and we stay up for constructing our highest efficiency chips in the USA.”

Supply: TSMC

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